Urological cancer is very common - one in four new cancers are Urological cancers.
Some are well known, like Prostate and Testis cancer. Others, like kidney and bladder cancer are common but not very well known.
Cancers may be suspected when symptoms develop, like blood in the urine. But many early cancers are only found on routine testing by your GP using blood or urine tests or X-Ray, ultrasound or CT scans.
If there is a concern that cancer may be present, further tests are usually be needed. A prostate MRI or biopsy may be needed for further assessment if Prostate cancer is suspected. A cystoscopy (telescopic inspection of the bladder) is needed to detect and treat bladder cancer.
Many Urological cancers are treated by surgery alone, but other cancers are treated by a number of specialists working together (a multidisciplinary team approach to cancer care). This team may include other Urological surgeons, Pathologists, Radiologists, Radiation Oncologists, Medical Oncologists, Specialist Nurses and Physiotherapists and other healthcare professionals as needed.
Prostate cancer is the commonest diagnosed cancer in men and one of the commonest causes of death.
Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment
Bladder cancer (or Transitional Cell Cancer) is 4th most common cancer in men and 8th most common in women - but is not very well known.
It usually grows as a polyp on the inner surface of the bladder, and presents with blood in the urine (or haematuria).
Kidney cancer is one of the top 5 most common cancers in men and one of the top 10 in women. It starts in the solid part of the kidney (the part that filters the blood).
Testis cancer is the most common cancer in young men. It presents with a painless lump in the Testis.